This is Ethiopian Review Policy Research Center’s series on From Dictatorship to Democracy extracted/quoted from books and articles published by Albert Einstein Institution and similar sources.
Mass Uprising for Massive Civil Disobedience to Dislodge the Repressive Regime
KEY NONVIOLENT WEAPONS
“If People do not Obey, Rulers cannot Rule; – thus Disobedience”
Destabilize the Regime through the Shrewd Use of:
Nonviolent Protest and Persuasion
2.1- Social Non cooperation, 2.2- Economic Non cooperation: Economic Boycotts, 2.3- Economic Boycotts : The Strike, 2.4- Political Non cooperation
Nonviolent Intervention and Sabotage.
- Violence: Physical violence against other human beings that inflicts injury or death, or threatens to inflict such violence, or any act dependent on such infliction or threat.
- Terrorism is the intentional use of, or threat to use violence against civilians or against civilian targets, in order to attain political aims.
- Strategic nonviolence is a method of actively engaging in resistance through carefully planned campaigns of disobedience and disruption.
KEY RULES OF ENGAGEMENT:
Rule #1. Thou Shalt Not Commit Violence Against the General Public.
“Criminal acts intended or calculated to provoke a state of terror in the general public, a group of persons or particular persons for political purposes are in any circumstance unjustifiable.”The largest risk for a failure of discipline in a nonviolent movement is that some members may become violent. Therefore, nonviolent discipline—the ability of people to remain nonviolent, even in the face of provocations—is often continually instilled in participants. There are practical reasons for this. Violent incidents by members of a movement can dramatically reduce its legitimacy while giving the movement’s opponent an excuse to use repression. Furthermore, a movement that is consistently nonviolent has a far greater chance of appealing to a broad range of potential allies. Everyday citizens who are sitting on the sidelines are reluctant to participate in the violence.
Rule #2. Thou Shalt Not Commit Violence Against the Supporters of the Regime. (Pillars of Support)
Successful movements continually reach out to the tyrant’s supporters, understanding that one of the strengths of sustained civil resistance in the service of a unifying vision is the ability to induce loyalty shifts and defections among its opponent’s ranks. Instead of allowing your primitive “fight” response to take over, the most difficult obstacle is overcoming your negative emotions to be able to show them the right path forward for the country. A movement that is consistently nonviolent has a far greater chance of appealing to a broad range of regime’s pillars of support – through the course of its struggle.
Acts of civil disobedience, by individuals or groups, will gain more support if the behavior of the protestors is exemplary. The justification for non-violence i.e, avoiding crime, chaos and vandalism is not moral but strategic.
For an Overhead View of ERUPTION AGAINST REPRESSION CLICK: Eruption against Repression
Worthwhile Viewing Again Mass Uprising for Massive Attack in Animal Kingdom i.e. “Eruption against Repression”
IF ANIMALS CAN DO IT, WE CAN DO IT. “FEAR IS THE DRIVING FORCE BEHIND ALL DICTATORS’ REPRESSION.”