This is Ethiopian Review Policy Research Center’s series on From Dictatorship to Democracy extracted/quoted from books and articles published by Albert Einstein Institution and similar sources.
The 3 Timeless Attributes of Nonviolent Resistance (NVR):
Is it UNIFIED? Does it have a PLAN? Is it DISCIPLINED?
Without UNITY There is no Mass Disobedience.
Without STRATEGY There is no Effective Action.
Action without Nonviolent DISCIPLINE Leads to Chaos and Vandalism.
Without Freedom FUND There is no Strategy.
Let’s think with our head, not our heart.
Frustration, anger and impatience is understandable but reacting to situations with that kind of moods can be trying at times.
The ability to maintain objectivity and reasoning and keep emotion out of the decision making process is important to sound conclusion.
Regarding the issue of STRATEGY: Trying to conduct civil resistance without a STRATEGY is like trying to play football without a game plan. Period.
Participants in nonviolent movements must also make complex decisions about the course their movements should take. Strategic planning is of central importance in doing this. Regardless of the merit of one’s cause or the morally indefensible acts of one’s opponent, oppression is usually not overcome solely through spontaneous and improvised acts of resistance, even if such acts are well-executed. Instead, movements gain traction when they plan how civil resistance can be systematically organized and adopted by people in society to achieve targeted and focused goals.
Deciding what tactics to use and how they should be sequenced; developing galvanizing propositions for change based on the aspirations and grievances of the people who the movement aims to represent; planning what individuals and groups to target with tactics and what short-, medium-, and long-term objectives to pursue; and building lines of communication so that coalitions can be negotiated and built are just some of the issues around which nonviolent movements must creatively strategize. Doing so requires a holistic analysis of the situation in which the nonviolent struggle takes place. As part of their planning process, effective movements formally or informally gather information, listen to people at the grassroots, and analyze themselves, their adversaries, and uncommitted third parties constantly through the course of a conflict.
b. Regarding the ARMED STRUGGLE: By placing confidence in armed struggle means, one has chosen the very type of struggle with which the tyrant nearly always have superiority.
Using violence against “violence experts” is the quickest way to have your movement crushed. That is why tyrants frequently infiltrate opposition groups with agents provocateurs—to sidetrack the movement into violent channels that the violence professionals (police, military, security agencies, etc.) can deal with.
By placing confidence in Mass Uprising, PEOPLE’s Revolution we are making him fight our type of struggle with which the PEOPLE has superiority. Yes, there is going to be blood flowing. Simply put nonviolent resistance means nonviolent Discipline. Nonviolent resistance not a moral issue, it is a strategic issue.
c. Regarding the UNITY, ትግል ያለአንድነት የህልም ሩጫ ነው or People United Will Never be Defeated.
When we all take stock of our lives, think calmly and deliberately, we can be so reasonable and realize that what unites us are infinitely more important than what divide us and we can find common ground to work for the common good.
Giving up is for the weak. DON’T!!!